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61.01  Traffic Control Devices

61.05  Traffic Lanes

61.02  Installation

61.06  Necessity of Signs

61.03  Compliance 

61.07  Standards

61.04  Crosswalks 


61.01    TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES.  The Council shall establish by resolution, and cause to be placed and maintained, appropriate traffic control devices to indicate parking spaces and zones, no parking zones, limited parking zones, reserved parking zones, loading zones, safety zones, school zones, hospital zones, quiet zones, traffic zones other than the above, truck routes, school stops, stop intersections, yield right-of-way intersections, one-way streets, streets to be laned for traffic and play streets.  The Council shall also have the power to designate and indicate by resolution intersections at which traffic shall be controlled by traffic signals; intersections at which left turns, right turns and U-turns shall be prohibited; and intersections at which markers, buttons or other indications shall be placed to indicate the course to be traveled by vehicles traversing or turning at such intersections.

61.02    INSTALLATION.  The Council shall cause to be placed and maintained traffic control devices to carry out the provisions of the Traffic Code of the City under State law or to regulate, guide or warn traffic.  The City shall keep a record of all such traffic control devices. 

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.254 & 321.255)

61.03    COMPLIANCE.  No driver of a vehicle shall disobey the instructions of any official traffic control device placed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, unless at the time otherwise directed by a peace officer, subject to the exceptions granted the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle under Section 321.231 of the Code of Iowa.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.256)

61.04    CROSSWALKS.  The Council is hereby authorized to designate and maintain crosswalks by appropriate traffic control devices at intersections where, due to traffic conditions, there is particular danger to pedestrians crossing the street or road-way, and at such other places as traffic conditions require.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 372.13[4] & 321.255)

61.05    TRAFFIC LANES.  Where traffic lanes have been marked on street pavements at such places as traffic conditions require, it is unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to fail or refuse to keep such vehicle within the boundaries of any such lane except when lawfully passing another vehicle or preparatory to making a lawful turning movement.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 372.13[4] & 321.255)

61.06    NECESSITY OF SIGNS.  No provision of this Traffic Code for which signs are required shall be enforced against an alleged violator if, at the time and place of the alleged violation, an official sign is not in a viewable position and sufficiently legible to an ordinarily observant person.

61.07    STANDARDS.  Traffic control devices shall comply with standards established by The Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.255)



62.01  Violation of Regulations

62.06  Tampering with Vehicle

62.02  Play Streets Designated

62.07  Open Containers in Motor Vehicles

62.03  Vehicles on Sidewalks  

62.08  Obstructing View at Intersections

62.04  Clinging to Vehicle

62.09  Reckless Driving

62.05  Quiet Zones

62.10  Careless Driving


62.11  Milling

62.01    VIOLATION OF REGULATIONS.  Any person who willfully fails or refuses to comply with any lawful order of a peace officer or direction of a fire department officer during a fire, or who fails to abide by the applicable provisions of the following Iowa statutory laws relating to motor vehicles and the statutory law of the road is in violation of this section.  These sections of the Code of Iowa are adopted by reference and are as follows:

1.         Display of Registration and License to Drive:  321.17, 321.32, 321.37, 321.38, 321.79, 321.91, 321.98, 321.99, 321.174, 321.174A, 321.180, 321.180B, 321.193, 321.194, 321.216, 321.216B, 321.216C and 321.219 through 321.224.

2.         All Terrain Vehicles, Golf Carts and Bicycles to Obey Traffic Regulations, Radar Jamming Devices, Road Workers:  321.232 through 321.234A, 321.235A and 321.247.

3.         Traffic Signs, Signals and Markings:  321.259 and 321.260.

4.         Accidents and Accident Reporting:  321.262 through 321.265.

5.         Operation of Motorcycles and Motorized Bicycles:  321.275.

6.         Drag Racing, Speed and Control of Vehicle:  321.278, 321.288, 321.295, 321.382 and 321.383.

7.         Driving on Right, Meeting, Overtaking, Following or Towing: 321.297 through 321.299 and 321.302 through 321.310.

8.         Turning and Starting, Signals on Turning and Stopping:  321.312 through 321.317.

9.         Right-of-way:  321.319 through 321.324A.

10.       Pedestrian Rights and Duties and Safety Zones:  321.329, 321.330, 321.332, 321.333 and 321.340.

11.       Railroad Crossings:  321.341 through 321.344 and 321.344B.

12.       Stopping, Standing, Parking:  321.354 and 321.359.

13.       Unattended Vehicle, Obstructing Driver’s View, Crossing Median, Following Fire Apparatus, or Crossing Fire Hose, and Putting Glass, Etc., on Streets:  321.362 through 321.365 and 321.367 through 321.371.

14.       School Buses:  321.372.

15.       Lighting Equipment Required and Time of Use:  321.384 through 321.390, 321.392 through 321.395, 321.398, 321.402 through 321.406, 321.408, 321.409, 321.415, 321.417 through 321.423.  In accordance with authorization granted by Section 321.395, Code of Iowa, motor vehicles parked upon any street where permitted by this chapter need not display required lights where there is sufficient light emitted from City street lights to reveal any person or object within a distance of five hundred (500) feet upon such street.

16.       Brakes, Horns, Sirens, Mufflers, Wipers, Mirrors, Tires, Flares, Windows, Safety Belts, and Special Markings for Transporting Explosives:  321.430 through 321.434; 321.436 through 321.442; 321.444 through 321.446, 321.449 and 321.450.

17.       Size, Weight and Load: 321.454 through 321.458, 321.460 through 321.463, 321.465 and 321.466.

18.       Unsafe Vehicles:  321.381 and 321.381A.

62.02    PLAY STREETS DESIGNATED.  Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating any street or part thereof as a play street, no person shall drive a vehicle upon any such street or portion thereof except drivers of vehicles having business or whose residences are within such closed area, and then any said driver shall exercise the greatest care in driving upon any such street or portion thereof.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.255)

62.03    VEHICLES ON SIDEWALKS.  The driver of a vehicle shall not drive upon or within any sidewalk area except at a driveway.

62.04    CLINGING TO VEHICLE.  No person shall drive a motor vehicle on the streets of the City unless all passengers of said vehicle are inside the vehicle in the place intended for their accommodation.  No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, roller skates, in-line skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself or herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.

62.05    QUIET ZONES.  Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating a quiet zone, no person operating a motor vehicle within any such zone shall sound the horn or other warning device of such vehicle except in an emergency. 

62.06    TAMPERING WITH VEHICLE.  It is unlawful for any person, either individually or in association with one or more other persons, willfully to injure or tamper with any vehicle or break or remove any part or parts of or from a vehicle without the consent of the owner.


1.         Drivers.  A driver of a motor vehicle upon a public street or highway shall not possess in the passenger area of the motor vehicle an open or unsealed bottle, can, jar, or other receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.284)

2.         Passengers.  A passenger in a motor vehicle upon a public street or highway shall not possess in the passenger area of the motor vehicle an open or unsealed bottle, can, jar or other receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage. 

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.284A)

As used in this section “passenger area” means the area of a motor vehicle designed to seat the driver and passengers while the motor vehicle is in operation and any area that is readily accessible to the driver or a passenger while in their seating positions, including the glove compartment.  An open or unsealed receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage may be transported in the trunk of the motor vehicle.  An unsealed receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage may be transported behind the last upright seat of the motor vehicle if the motor vehicle does not have a trunk.

62.08    OBSTRUCTING VIEW AT INTERSECTIONS.  It is unlawful to allow any tree, hedge, billboard or other object to obstruct the view of an intersection by preventing persons from having a clear view of traffic approaching the intersection from cross streets. Any such obstruction shall be deemed a nuisance and in addition to the standard penalty may be abated in the manner provided by Chapter 50 of this Code of Ordinances.

62.09    RECKLESS DRIVING.  No person shall drive any vehicle in such manner as to indicate a willful or a wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property. 

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.277)

62.10    CARELESS DRIVING.  No person shall intentionally operate a motor vehicle on a street or highway in any one of the following ways:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.277A)

1.                  Creating or causing unnecessary tire squealing, skidding or sliding upon acceleration or stopping.

2.                  Simulating a temporary race.

3.                  Causing any wheel or wheels to unnecessarily lose contact with the ground.

4.                  Causing the vehicle to unnecessarily turn abruptly or sway.

62.11    MILLING.  It is unlawful to drive or operate a vehicle, either singly or with others, in any processional milling or repeated movement over any street to the interference with normal traffic use, or to the annoyance or offense of any person.




63.01  General

63.04  Special Speed Zones

63.02  State Code Speed Limits

63.05  Minimum Speed

63.03  Parks, Cemeteries and Parking Lots


63.01    GENERAL.  Every driver of a motor vehicle on a street shall drive the same at a careful and prudent speed not greater than nor less than is reasonable and proper, having due regard to the traffic, surface and width of the street and of any other conditions then existing, and no person shall drive a vehicle on any street at a speed greater than will permit said driver to bring it to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead, such driver having the right to assume, however, that all persons using said street will observe the law.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.285)

63.02    STATE CODE SPEED LIMITS.  The following speed limits are established in Section 321.285 of the Code of Iowa and any speed in excess thereof is unlawful unless specifically designated otherwise in this chapter as a special speed zone.

1.         Business District – twenty (20) miles per hour.

2.         Residence or School District – twenty-five (25) miles per hour.

3.         Suburban District – forty-five (45) miles per hour.

63.03    PARKS, CEMETERIES AND PARKING LOTS.  A speed in excess of fifteen (15) miles per hour in any public park, cemetery or parking lot, unless specifically designated otherwise in this chapter, is unlawful.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236[5])

63.04    SPECIAL SPEED ZONES.  In accordance with requirements of the Iowa State Department of Transportation, or whenever the Council shall determine upon the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation that any speed limit listed in Section 63.02 is greater or less than is reasonable or safe under the conditions found to exist at any intersection or other place or upon any part of the City street system, the Council shall determine and adopt by ordinance such higher or lower speed limit as it deems reasonable and safe at such location.  The following special speed zones have been established:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.290)

1.         Special 15 MPH Speed Zones.  A speed in excess of fifteen (15) miles per hour is unlawful on any street within the City.

63.05    MINIMUM SPEED.  A person shall not drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation, or in compliance with law.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.294)



64.01  Turning at Intersections

64.02  U-turns

64.01    TURNING AT INTERSECTIONS.  The driver of a vehicle intending to turn at an intersection shall do so as follows:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.311)

1.                  Both the approach for a right turn and a right turn shall be made as close as practical to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.

2.                  Approach for a left turn shall be made in that portion of the right half of the roadway nearest the centerline thereof and after entering the intersection the left turn shall be made so as to depart from the intersection to the right of the centerline of the roadway being entered.

3.                  Approach for a left turn from a two-way street into a one-way street shall be made in that portion of the right half of the roadway nearest the centerline thereof and by passing to the right of such centerline where it enters the intersection.  A left turn from a one-way street into a two-way street shall be made by passing to the right of the centerline of the street being entered upon leaving the intersection.

The Council may cause markers, buttons or signs to be placed within or adjacent to intersections and thereby require and direct, as traffic conditions require, that a different course from that specified above be traveled by vehicles turning at intersections, and when markers, buttons or signs are so placed, no driver of a vehicle shall turn a vehicle at an intersection other than as directed and required by such markers, buttons or signs.

64.02    U-TURNS.  It is unlawful for a driver to make a U-turn within the City limits.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236[9])




° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° °



65.01  Stop or Yield

65.04  Stop When Traffic Is Obstructed

65.02  School Stops 

65.05  Yield to Pedestrians in Crosswalks

65.03  Stop Before Crossing Sidewalk 


65.01    STOP OR YIELD.  Every driver of a vehicle shall stop or yield as directed by traffic control devices posted in accordance with Chapter 61 of this Traffic Code.

65.02    SCHOOL STOPS.  At any school crossing zone, every driver of a vehicle approaching said zone shall bring the vehicle to a full stop at a point ten (10) feet from the approach side of the crosswalk marked by an authorized school stop sign and thereafter proceed in a careful and prudent manner until the vehicle shall have passed through such school crossing zone.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.249)

65.03    STOP BEFORE CROSSING SIDEWALK.  The driver of a vehicle emerging from a private roadway, alley, driveway, or building shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving onto the sidewalk area and thereafter shall proceed into the sidewalk area only when able to do so without danger to pedestrian traffic and shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicular traffic on the street into which the vehicle is entering.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.353)

65.04    STOP WHEN TRAFFIC IS OBSTRUCTED.  Notwithstanding any traffic control signal indication to proceed, no driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection or crosswalk to accommodate the vehicle.

65.05    YIELD TO PEDESTRIANS IN CROSSWALKS.  Where traffic control signals are not in place or in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping, if need be, to yield to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within any marked crosswalk or within any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.327)




° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° °



66.01  Temporary Embargo

66.03  Load Limits Upon Certain Streets 

66.02  Permits for Excess Size and Weight


66.01    TEMPORARY EMBARGO.  If the Council declares an embargo when it appears by reason of deterioration, rain, snow or other climatic conditions that certain streets will be seriously damaged or destroyed by vehicles weighing in excess of an amount specified by the signs, no such vehicles shall be operated on streets so designated by such signs erected in accordance with Chapter 61 of this Traffic Code.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.471 & 472)

66.02    PERMITS FOR EXCESS SIZE AND WEIGHT.  The Council may, upon application and good cause being shown therefor, issue a special permit in writing authorizing the applicant to operate or move a vehicle or combination of vehicles of a size or weight or load exceeding the maximum specified by State law or the City over those streets or bridges named in the permit which are under the jurisdiction of the City and for which the City is responsible for maintenance.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.473 & 321E.1)

66.03    LOAD LIMITS UPON CERTAIN STREETS.  When signs are erected giving notice thereof, no person shall operate any vehicle with a gross weight in excess of the amounts specified on such signs at any time upon any of the streets or parts of streets for which said signs are erected in accordance with Chapter 61 of this Traffic Code.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.473 & 475)




° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° °




67.01  Walking in Street

67.03  Pedestrian Crossing

67.02  Hitchhiking


67.01    WALKING IN STREETPedestrians shall at all times, when walking on or along a street, walk on the left side of the street.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.326)

67.02    HITCHHIKING.  No person shall stand in the traveled portion of a street for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any private vehicle.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.331)

67.03    PEDESTRIAN CROSSING.  Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.328)




° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° °








° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° °



69.01  Parking Limited or Controlled 

69.05  Parking Prohibited

69.02  Park Adjacent to Curb

69.06  Persons With Disabilities Parking

69.03  Angle Parking

69.07  Truck Parking Limited

69.04  Parking for Certain Purposes Illegal

69.08  Snow Removal

69.01    PARKING LIMITED OR CONTROLLED.  Parking of vehicles shall be controlled or limited where so indicated by designated traffic control devices in accordance with Chapter 61 of this Traffic Code.  No person shall stop, park or stand a vehicle in violation of any such posted parking regulations unless in compliance with the directions of a peace officer.

69.02    PARK ADJACENT TO CURB.  No person shall stand or park a vehicle in a roadway other than parallel with the edge of the roadway headed in the direction of lawful traffic movement and with the right-hand wheels of the vehicle within eighteen (18) inches of the curb or edge of the roadway except as hereinafter provided in the case of angle parking and vehicles parked on the left-hand side of one-way streets.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.361)

69.03    ANGLE PARKING.  Angle or diagonal parking is permitted only in the following locations:   

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.361) 

‑ NONE ‑

69.04    PARKING FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES ILLEGAL.  No person shall park a vehicle upon public property for more than forty-eight (48) hours unless otherwise limited under the provisions of Section 69.01 of this chapter, or for any of the following principal purposes:  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236 [1])

1.         Sale.  Displaying such vehicle for sale.

2.         Repairing.  For lubricating, repairing or for commercial washing of such vehicle except such repairs as are necessitated by an emergency.

3.         Advertising.  Displaying advertising.

4.         Merchandise Sales.  Selling merchandise from such vehicle except in a duly established market place or when so authorized or licensed under the Code of Ordinances.

69.05    PARKING PROHIBITED.  No one shall stop, stand or park a vehicle except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a peace officer or traffic control device, in any of the following places:

1.         Crosswalk.  On a crosswalk.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [5])

2.         Center Parkway.  On the center parkway or dividing area of any divided street.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236 [1])

3.         Mailboxes.  Within twenty (20) feet on either side of a mailbox which is so placed and so equipped as to permit the depositing of mail from vehicles on the roadway.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236 [1])

4.         Sidewalks.  On or across a sidewalk.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [1])

5.         Driveway.  In front of a public or private driveway.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [2])

6.         Intersection.  Within an intersection or within ten (10) feet of an intersection of any street or alley.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [3])

7.         Fire Hydrant.  Within five (5) feet of a fire hydrant.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [4])

8.         Stop Sign or Signal.  Within ten (10) feet upon the approach to any flashing beacon, stop or yield sign, or traffic control signal located at the side of a roadway.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [6])

9.         Railroad Crossing.  Within fifty (50) feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing, except when parked parallel with such rail and not exhibiting a red light.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [8])

10.       Fire Station.  Within twenty (20) feet of the driveway entrance to any fire station and on the side of a street opposite the entrance to any fire station within seventy-five (75) feet of said entrance when properly sign posted.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [9])

11.       Excavations.  Alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when such stopping, standing or parking would obstruct traffic.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [10])

12.       Double Parking.  On the roadway side of any vehicle stopped or parked at the edge or curb of a street.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [11])

13.       Hazardous Locations.  When, because of restricted visibility or when standing or parked vehicles would constitute a hazard to moving traffic, or when other traffic conditions require, the Council may cause curbs to be painted with a yellow color and erect no parking or standing signs.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358 [13])

14.       Churches, Nursing Homes and Other Buildings.  A space of fifty (50) feet is hereby reserved at the side of the street in front of any theatre, auditorium, hotel having more than twenty-five (25) sleeping rooms, hospital, nursing home, taxicab stand, bus depot, church, or other building where large assemblages of people are being held, within which space, when clearly marked as such, no motor vehicle shall be left standing, parked or stopped except in taking on or discharging passengers or freight, and then only for such length of time as is necessary for such purpose.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.360)

15.       Alleys.  No person shall park a vehicle within an alley in such a manner or under such conditions as to leave available less than ten (10) feet of the width of the roadway for the free movement of vehicular traffic, and no person shall stop, stand or park a vehicle within an alley in such a position as to block the driveway entrance to any abutting property.  The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to a vehicle parked in any alley which is eighteen (18) feet wide or less; provided said vehicle is parked to deliver goods or services.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236[1])

16.       Ramps.  In front of a curb cut or ramp which is located on public or private property in a manner which blocks access to the curb cut or ramp.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358[15])

17.       In More Than One Space.  In any designated parking space so that any part of the vehicle occupies more than one such space or protrudes beyond the markings designating such space.

69.06    PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PARKING.  The following regulations shall apply to the establishment and use of persons with disabilities parking spaces:

1.         Establishment.  Persons with disabilities parking spaces shall be established and designated in accordance with Chapter 321L of the Code of Iowa and Iowa Administrative Code, 661-18.  No unauthorized person shall establish any on-street persons with disabilities parking space without first obtaining Council approval.

2.         Improper Use.  The following uses of a persons with disabilities parking space, located on either public or private property, constitute improper use of a persons with disabilities parking permit, which is a violation of this Code of Ordinances:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321L.4[2])

A.        Use by an operator of a vehicle not displaying a persons with disabilities parking permit;

B.         Use by an operator of a vehicle displaying a persons with disabilities parking permit but not being used by a person issued a permit or being transported in accordance with Section 321L.2[1b] of the Code of Iowa;

C.        Use by a vehicle in violation of the rules adopted under Section 321L.8 of the Code of Iowa.

3.         Wheelchair Parking Cones.  No person shall use or interfere with a wheelchair parking cone in violation of the following:

A.        A person issued a persons with disabilities parking permit must comply with the requirements of Section 321L.2A (1) of the Code of Iowa when utilizing a wheelchair parking cone.

B.         A person shall not interfere with a wheelchair parking cone which is properly placed under the provisions of Section 321L.2A (1) of the Code of Iowa.

69.07    TRUCK PARKING LIMITED.  No person shall park a motor truck, semi-trailer, or other motor vehicle with trailer attached in violation of the following regulations.  The provisions of this section shall not apply to pickup, light delivery or panel delivery trucks.  

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236 [1])

1.         Business District.  Excepting only when such vehicles are actually engaged in the delivery or receiving of merchandise or cargo, no person shall park or leave unattended such vehicle on any streets within the business district.  When actually receiving or delivering merchandise or cargo such vehicle shall be stopped or parked in a manner which will not interfere with other traffic.

2.         Noise.  No such vehicle shall be left standing or parked upon any street, alley, public or private parking lot, or drive of any service station between the hours of 7:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m. with the engine, auxiliary engine, air compressor, refrigerating equipment or other device in operation giving off audible sounds excepting only the drive of a service station when actually being serviced, and then in no event for more than thirty (30) minutes.

3.         Livestock.  No such vehicle containing livestock shall be parked on any street, alley or highway for a period of time of more than thirty (30) minutes.

69.08    SNOW REMOVAL.  No person shall park, abandon or leave unattended any vehicle on any public street, alley, or City-owned off-street parking area during snow removal operations unless the snow has been removed or plowed from said street, alley or parking area and the snow has ceased to fall.  

(Code of Iowa, 321.236[1])





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70.01  Arrest or Citation

70.04  Parking Violations:  Vehicle Unattended

70.02  Scheduled Violations

70.05  Presumption in Reference to Illegal Parking

70.03  Parking Violations:  Alternate

70.06  Impounding Vehicles

70.01    ARREST OR CITATION.  Whenever a peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that a person has violated any provision of the Traffic Code, such officer may:

1.         Immediate Arrest.  Immediately arrest such person and take such person before a local magistrate, or

2.         Issue Citation.  Without arresting the person, prepare in quintuplicate a combined traffic citation and complaint as adopted by the Iowa Commissioner of Public Safety, or issue a uniform citation and complaint utilizing a State-approved computerized device.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 805.6 & 321.485)

70.02    SCHEDULED VIOLATIONS.   For violations of the Traffic Code which are designated by Section 805.8A of the Code of Iowa to be scheduled violations, the scheduled fine for each of those violations shall be as specified in Section 805.8A of the Code of Iowa.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 805.8 & 805.8A)

70.03    PARKING VIOLATIONS: ALTERNATE.  Admitted violations of parking restrictions imposed by this Code of Ordinances may be charged upon a simple notice of a fine payable at the office of the City Clerk.  The simple notice of a fine shall be in the amount of five dollars ($5.00) for all violations except improper use of a persons with disabilities parking permit.  If such fine is not paid within thirty (30) days, it shall be increased by five dollars ($5.00).  The simple notice of a fine for improper use of a persons with disabilities parking permit is one hundred dollars ($100.00).  Failure to pay the simple notice of a fine shall be grounds for the filing of a complaint in District Court.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236 [1a] & 321L.4[2])

70.04    PARKING VIOLATIONS: VEHICLE UNATTENDED.  When a vehicle is parked in violation of any provision of the Traffic Code, and the driver is not present, the notice of fine or citation as herein provided shall be attached to the vehicle in a conspicuous place.

70.05    PRESUMPTION IN REFERENCE TO ILLEGAL PARKING.  In any proceeding charging a standing or parking violation, a prima facie presumption that the registered owner was the person who parked or placed such vehicle at the point where, and for the time during which, such violation occurred, shall be raised by proof that:

1.         Described Vehicle.  The particular vehicle described in the information was parked in violation of the Traffic Code, and

2.         Registered Owner.  The defendant named in the information was the registered owner at the time in question.

70.06    IMPOUNDING VEHICLES.  A peace officer is hereby authorized to remove, or cause to be removed, a vehicle from a street, public alley, public parking lot or highway to the nearest garage or other place of safety, or to a garage designated or maintained by the City, under the circumstances hereinafter enumerated:

1.         Disabled Vehicle.  When a vehicle is so disabled as to constitute an obstruction to traffic and the person or persons in charge of the vehicle are by reason of physical injury incapacitated to such an extent as to be unable to provide for its custody or removal.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236 [1])

2.         Illegally Parked Vehicle.  When any vehicle is left unattended and is so illegally parked as to constitute a definite hazard or obstruction to the normal movement of traffic.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236 [1])

3.         Snow Removal.  When any vehicle is left parked in violation of a ban on parking during snow removal operations.

4.         Parked Over Limited Time Period.  When any vehicle is left parked for a continuous period of in violation of any limited parking time.  If the owner can be located, the owner shall be given an opportunity to remove the vehicle.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236 [1])

5.         Costs.  In addition to the standard penalties provided, the owner or driver of any vehicle impounded for the violation of any of the provisions of this chapter shall be required to pay the reasonable cost of towing and storage.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236 [1])




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80.01  Definitions

80.06  Disposal of Abandoned Vehicles

80.02  Authority to Take Possession of Abandoned Vehicles

80.07  Disposal of Totally Inoperable Vehicles

80.03  Notice by Mail

80.08  Proceeds from Sales

80.04  Notification in Newspaper

80.09  Duties of Demolisher

80.05  Fees for Impoundment


80.01    DEFINITIONS.  For use in this chapter the following terms are defined:

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89[1])

1.         “Abandoned vehicle” means any of the following:

A.                 A vehicle that has been left unattended on public property for more than twenty-four (24) hours and lacks current registration plates or two (2) or more wheels or other parts which renders the vehicle totally inoperable.

B.                 A vehicle that has remained illegally on public property for more than twenty-four (24) hours.

C.                 A vehicle that has been unlawfully parked or placed on private property without the consent of the owner or person in control of the property for more than twenty-four (24) hours.

D.                 A vehicle that has been legally impounded by order of a police authority and has not been reclaimed for a period of ten (10) days.  However, a police authority may declare the vehicle abandoned within the ten-day period by commencing the notification process.

E.                  Any vehicle parked on the highway determined by a police authority to create a hazard to other vehicle traffic.

F.                  A vehicle that has been impounded pursuant to Section 321J.4B of the Code of Iowa by order of the court and whose owner has not paid the impoundment fees after notification by the person or agency responsible for carrying out the impoundment order.

2.         “Demolisher” means  a person licensed under Chapter 321H of the Code of Iowa whose business it is to convert a vehicle to junk, processed scrap or scrap metal, or otherwise to wreck, or dismantle vehicles.

3.         “Police authority” means the Iowa state patrol or any law enforcement agency of a county or city.

80.02    AUTHORITY TO TAKE POSSESSION OF ABANDONED VEHICLES.  A police authority, upon the authority’s own initiative or upon the request of any other authority having the duties of control of highways or traffic, shall take into custody an abandoned vehicle on public property and may take into custody any abandoned vehicle on private property.  The police authority may employ its own personnel, equipment and facilities or hire a private entity, equipment and facilities for the purpose of removing, preserving, storing, or disposing of abandoned vehicles.  If a police authority employs a private entity to dispose of abandoned vehicles, the police authority shall provide the private entity with the names and addresses of the registered owners, all lienholders of record, and any other known claimant to the vehicle or the personal property found in the vehicle.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89[2])

80.03    NOTICE BY MAIL.  The police authority or private entity that takes into custody an abandoned vehicle shall notify, within twenty (20) days, by certified mail, the last known registered owner of the vehicle, all lienholders of record, and any other known claimant to the vehicle or to personal property found in the vehicle, addressed to the parties’ last known addresses of record, that the abandoned vehicle has been taken into custody.  Notice shall be deemed given when mailed.  The notice shall describe the year, make, model and vehicle identification number of the vehicle, describe the personal property found in the vehicle, set forth the location of the facility where the vehicle is being held, and inform the persons receiving the notice of their right to reclaim the vehicle and personal property within ten (10) days after the effective date of the notice upon payment of all towing, preservation, and storage charges resulting from placing the vehicle in custody and upon payment of the costs of the notice.  The notice shall also state that the failure of the owner, lienholders or claimants to exercise their right to reclaim the vehicle or personal property within the time provided shall be deemed a waiver by the owner, lienholders and claimants of all right, title, claim and interest in the vehicle or personal property and that failure to reclaim the vehicle or personal property is deemed consent to the sale of the vehicle at a public auction or disposal of the vehicle to a demolisher and to disposal of the personal property by sale or destruction.  The notice shall state that any person claiming rightful possession of the vehicle or personal property who disputes the planned disposition of the vehicle or property by the police authority or private entity or of the assessment of fees and charges provided by this section may ask for an evidentiary hearing before the police authority to contest those matters.  If the persons receiving the notice do not ask for a hearing or exercise their right to reclaim the vehicle or personal property within the ten-day reclaiming period, the owner, lienholders or claimants shall no longer have any right, title, claim, or interest in or to the vehicle or the personal property.  A court in any case in law or equity shall not recognize any right, title, claim, or interest of the owner, lienholders or claimants after the expiration of the ten-day reclaiming period.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89[3a])

80.04    NOTIFICATION IN NEWSPAPER.  If it is impossible to determine with reasonable certainty the identity and addresses of the last registered owner and all lienholders, notice by one publication in one newspaper of general circulation in the area where the vehicle was abandoned shall be sufficient to meet all requirements of notice under Section 80.03.  The published notice may contain multiple listings of abandoned vehicles and personal property but shall be published within the same time requirements and contain the same information as prescribed for mailed notice in Section 80.03.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89[3b])

80.05    FEES FOR IMPOUNDMENT.  The owner, lienholder or claimant shall pay ten dollars ($10.00) if claimed within five (5) days of impounding, plus one dollar ($1.00) for each additional day within the reclaiming period plus towing charges if stored by the City, or towing and storage fees, if stored in a public garage, whereupon said vehicle shall be released.  The amount of towing charges, and the rate of storage charges by privately owned garages, shall be established by such facility.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89[3a])

80.06    DISPOSAL OF ABANDONED VEHICLES.  If an abandoned vehicle has not been reclaimed as provided herein, the police authority or private entity shall make a determination as to whether or not the motor vehicle should be sold for use upon the highways, and shall dispose of the motor vehicle in accordance with State law.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89[4])

80.07    DISPOSAL OF TOTALLY INOPERABLE VEHICLES.  The City or any person upon whose property or in whose possession is found any abandoned motor vehicle, or any person being the owner of a motor vehicle whose title certificate is faulty, lost or destroyed, may dispose of such motor vehicle to a demolisher for junk, without a title and without notification procedures, if such motor vehicle lacks an engine or two (2) or more wheels or other structural part which renders the vehicle totally inoperable.  The police authority shall give the applicant a certificate of authority.  The applicant shall

then apply to the County Treasurer for a junking certificate and shall surrender the certificate of authority in lieu of the certificate of title.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.90[2e])

80.08    PROCEEDS FROM SALES.  Proceeds from the sale of any abandoned vehicle shall be applied to the expense of auction, cost of towing, preserving, storing and notification required, in accordance with State law.  Any balance shall be held for the owner of the motor vehicle or entitled lienholder for ninety (90) days, and then shall be deposited in the State Road Use Tax Fund.  Where the sale of any vehicle fails to realize the amount necessary to meet costs the police authority shall apply for reimbursement from the Department of Transportation.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.89[4])

80.09    DUTIES OF DEMOLISHER.  Any demolisher who purchases or otherwise acquires an abandoned motor vehicle for junk shall junk, scrap, wreck, dismantle or otherwise demolish such motor vehicle.  A demolisher shall not junk, scrap, wreck, dismantle or demolish a vehicle until the demolisher has obtained the junking certificate issued for the vehicle.

(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.90[3a])



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